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Energy Technology in the Global South

Closing the gap in the quality and type of energy technologies used leads to emission reduction and increased adoption of reliable energy systems in developing countries.

Currently, the energy transition in developing countries is heavily dependent on the use of fossil fuels. For example, liquified petroleum gas (LPG) use in urban areas is currently driving the clean cooking transition. Meanwhile, advanced economy countries are decarbonising their energy system using technologies such as solar, wind and hydrogen. As such, there is an opportunity for the Global South to directly transition to zero emission fuels using renewable energy technologies. We aim to explore how the Global South can benefit from these renewable energy technologies to develop a reliable and clean energy system, so that a decarbonised world is less divided in terms of energy technologies.

Yaks carrying LPG for cooking in Nepal [Photo credit: Rabin Niraula]

Developing countries are inundated with low-quality energy technologies. Limited affordability leads households to consider compromising on technology quality. Maintenance becomes challenging and expensive, particularly for decentralised energy systems in remote areas. Ensuring the reliability and quality of the energy system helps mitigate the risk of reverting to dirty fuels after abandoning clean energy and ensure the sustainable energy transition.